Take a self-guided tour along the BlackHeritage Trail of New Hampshire.
Most people don’t realize that slavery was once fairly common in New England, especially in port cities like Portsmouth, New Hampshire. As far back as the mid-17th century, free and enslaved Africans and African Americans lived, worked, and raised families in northern cities and towns. Although slavery was legal in some parts of New England into the 1840s, the region also provided a refuge for escaped slaves from the South. Ona Judge, a slave belonging to first lady Martha Washington, was among the most notable. Judge made her way to New Hampshire by ship in the late 1700s, evading all attempts by President Washington to recapture her. She eventually married and raised a family in Portsmouth.
You can learn about Judge and other remarkable Black Americans by taking a self-guided walking tour of the Black Heritage Trail of New Hampshire in Portsmouth. A printable map and guide including 24 important sites can be downloaded for free. The guide and map are also available in book form, complete with color photographs, for $15.